There are a number of historical sites forts fortresses even a great wall in Pakistan in particular the province of Sindh. Famous for suffism the province of sindh which has been gateway of many invaders conquerors who have left their mark by building forts minar’s great walls and lost valleys and remains that can be found at many locations of sindh. Following are some historical and amazing places that you must visit.
The name literally translates to Mound of the Death. Situated 350 miles from Karachi, the capital of Sindh, Mohenjodaro is one of the most important archaeological sites in Pakistan. It was one of the largest settlements of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, and one of the world’s earliest major urban settlements. The civilization existed from 2500 B.C. to about 1500 B.C. after which it disappeared. Mohenjodaro was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980. The citadels found here seem to have once housed palaces, granaries, and grand baths used for ablutions. The town was laid out in rectangular patterns. Houses were two-storied and had drainage systems that led into brick-lined sewers.
Kot Diji Fort
Kot Diji Fort is also known as Fort Ahmadabad. It is located in the town of Kot Diji, in the district of Khairpur. It served as a residency for the rulers of Khairpur in times of peace and was built in the 18th century by the founder of the Kingdom of Upper Sindh. The fort has been constructed with kiln-baked bricks on a limestone hill. The bricks were a more strategic choice by the builders as the local limestone was too brittle to withstand an attack by opposing forces. Despite these considerations, and the fact that the rulers moved to another safe location during wartime as a precautionary measure, throughout the entire course of history, Fort Kot Diji has never once been attacked.
Located approximately 100 kilometers from Karachi lies another historical gem of Pakistan, called Makli. Makli is located close to Thatta, which used o be the capital of lower Sindh till the seventeenth century.Designated as a United Nations World Heritage site in 1981, Makli is one of the largest necropolises in the world. Measuring approximately 8 km in diameter, it holds the graves of approximately 125,000 rulers, Sufis and many others. During my visit to Makli, I even remember seeing graves of children and animals buried alongside their owners.Makli is a site to behold. The necropolises has on display masterpieces of intricate stone carvings over the gravestones and mausoleums, some of which date back to the 14th century.
Ranikot Fort is located in the district of Jamshoro District, Sindh. The architects of this fort remain unknown, but its origin can be dated back to the 17th century, though additions were made in the 19th century. It is referred to as The Great Wall of Sindh and its circumference of 26 km makes it the world’s largest fort. The whole fort has been constructed with the help of stone and lime. A small fortress, a few miles from the main gate, is speculated to have served as the royal residence for the ruling family of Mirs. It has been on the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 1993.
Bhambore is an ancient city dating to the 1st century BC located in Sindh, Pakistan The city ruins lie on the Nation highway, east of Karachi. It dates back to the Scytho-Parthian era and was later controlled by Muslims from 8th to 13th century after which it was abandoned. Remains of one of the earliest known mosques in the region dating back to 727 AD are still preserved in the city. The city of Banbhore dates from the 1st century BC to the 13th century AD. Archaeological records reveal remnants of three distinct periods on the site; scytho pasian (1st century BC to 2nd century AD), Hindu-Buddhist (2nd century AD to 8th century AD), and early Islamic (8th century AD to 13th century AD). The city was gradually deserted after the 13th century due to change in the course of the Indus.
Gorakh hill station
Not a historical place but was important to mention it as this place deserve tourists attention. Gorakh is a rising Hill Station of Sindh. It is located at at height of 5,688 feet in the Kirthar Mountains Range’s Sindh Division, 93 kilometers North West of Dadu city. Gorakh Hill Station is located on one of the uppermost flat terrain of Sindh, Pakistan, spread over 2,500 acres and because of its surroundings it turn into a distinctive adventure spot for nature lovers. There was a minute temple on top of a mount standing over Kumb (spring). Hindus occasionally visited the temple and Kumb, and carried out their religious customs The Hill Station gets winter snowfall and is the lone place in Sindh to have snowfall in winters. The mountains were entirely roofed with a layer of snow in 2008 winters. That is why Government of Sindh has strong-willed to promote this place as a hill station so that the natives from Karachi and Hyderabad could see snowfall without going outlying areas of the country.