Whether its the first day of school, a big interview or a wedding day pimples find a way of cropping up at the most inappropriate times. But why do they occur? How can we get rid of them? Is there a cure for pimples? The answer is yes as well as no. Before we know why is it so let see what is the science behind the pimples.
Science of Pimples
Our skin is covered with pores, also known as hair follicles. These are the places through which our body hairs grow. Inside the follicle is a gland that produces an oily substance called sebum that keeps the hair and skin moisturized. Whenever follicles get blocked with dead skin cells, the area gets enlarged. The enlargement is due to continuous production of Sebum under the skin. And this is when the bacteria comes into play. Bacteria starts feeding on dead cells and sebum, which most of the time leads to infection. The area gets red due to immunal reply by our body. The white blood cells come into action to fight bacteria. When these WBCs die they combine with dead skin cells and sebum creating a puss, that we name as pimple.
Pimples are of two types, white heads and black heads. If blockage occurs under the skin it leads to white heads. If the blockages is above the skin, black discoloration occurs due to reaction of melanin with oxygen present in air. We get most of the pimples in our teenage days. When the androgen hormones are released at higher rates. Testosterone is one of the androgen hormone. Testosterone increases the production of sebum into overdrive, increasing the incidence of blockages. Another reason is increase in stressful events.
The cure for Pimples
The first cure or rather precaution is cleaning your face to remove excess oils and dead skins cells that blocks the pores. Cleaning may prevent dead cells blocking follicles but can’t help with acne. According to science acne is not related to diet or hygiene but to your genetics and hormones. There are drugs that can be helpful like benzoyl peroxide which is effective in killing some of acne causing bacteria. Silicic acid can help remove dead skin blockages. Retinoids which can reduce sebum production. But remember almost every drug has a side effect, some have very severe ones. In women there has been some success in oral contraceptives, which decreases the ovaries production of androgen hormone, ultimately decreasing sebum.
There are some researches going on in this regard. Some scientists found that bacteria found in skins of healthy skin people have the same bacteria with a little different DNA. These therapies may help by changing the bacterias.